The different musical genres
There is a very large number of different types of music in the world. To be able to find one's way around, musical genres have been invented. They are used to classify music, artists or even albums, in categories to make it easier to find your way.
They are defined according to several factors. First of all is taken into account the size of the composition. That is, whether it is a small, medium or large song. Then the instruments and the way they are used are taken into consideration. If the music is played by an orchestra, it will quickly be considered as art music.
The music is also classified according to region and folklore; that is, the ideologies, roots and idols that the artists share and transmit with their audience.
There are three main types of music: art music, traditional music and popular music.
Art music includes all classical, baroque, romantic and contemporary music, and even film scores. This music is generally more complex, more difficult to access, hence the term art music.
The traditional music concerns all the typical regional musics, such as the Basque, Catalan, Tibetan, Indian musics, etc. They consist in transmitting the sounds, the ideologies and the customs of a region.
Popular music is the one we know best because it is the one that includes all musical genres such as rap, pop, rock, reggae, metal, electronic music, jazz, blues, country, etc. Despite their large number, all these genres also have sub-genres, such as grunge, rockabilly, reggaeton, electro, smooth jazz, etc.
What is the purpose of musical genres?
Thanks to all these genres, sub-genres, styles, it is easier to browse from artist to artist while having an idea of what you are going to listen to. This can be useful when you want to listen to something in particular. It also allows one to better understand the artistic choices of a work and its references. Artists who define themselves as rock, for example, identify themselves in this way because they feel more influenced by the sound and folklore of rock than by the folklore of romanticism or the more brutal death metal.
However, although we can consider an artist more influenced and producing a rather rock sound, it is not rare at all in our time that he is still influenced by sounds belonging to other musical genres.
Whether it's pop, rock, metal or rap these genres are starting to get a certain age and although in the beginning they were quite distinct and didn't cross paths, today it's more common to hear rap in a pop song, rock bands using electronic music.
It is true that for a long time, cultural and social differences and clichés between fans of different genres slowed down this mixing. But nowadays things have changed and you can find more and more hybrid bands. The problem is that it is more difficult to place them in a precise box because it would not make sense. This is the limit of effectiveness of musical genres.
Nevertheless, classical musical genres do not cease to exist or to be useful. Although their limits and boundaries are becoming more and more blurred, the genres still keep their cores and identities, and above all their own artists and music. These great genres have never really merged together.